Bobcat Fur Farm Comes to Montana

Though they have declined significantly over the years, fur farms still make up a huge part of the fur industry.  Most of the farms raise mink or foxes.  Only two bobcat fur farms are known to exist in the world, and one of them is soon to be in Montana.  Here’s the story:

Bobcat fur farm moves to Fergus County


Larry Schultz inspects one of the pens in the breeding yard. When the new facility is complete, there will be 120 adult bobcats on the premises. Photo by Christopher McConnell
By CHRISTOPHER MCCONNELL
Staff Writer
Published:

Wednesday, November 19, 2014 2:09 PM MST

Larry Schultz is a simple man with a live and let live philosophy – and a man who owns one of only two bobcat fur farms in the world.

When he was looking for property in Fergus County, a local real estate agent told him about a parcel near Roy. Schultz asked, “Does Roy have a post office?” Yes. “Does it have a place to eat?” Yes. “Does it have a bar?” Yes, two. “Perfect,” Schultz said.

When he saw the cabin, perched above rolling hills and surrounded by 80 sprawling acres in the shadow of the Judith Mountains, he knew it was where he was moving his controversial business. He and his domestic partner of 16 years, Carol Bomstad, purchased the property in June.

He filed for a fur farm license with Montana Fish Wildlife and Parks on June 18. The agency did the required Environmental Assessment. The public comment period resulted in an astounding 21,185 statements representing 21,182 individuals, one petition and two organizations: the Humane Society and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals. Comments came from all over the world and in every state in the nation. Twenty of the comments were in favor of approving the license and the remaining 21,165 expressed opposition based on principle, objection to fur farms and the commercial fur industry.

The public comment period ended Aug. 29 and the EA determined a finding of no significant impact. The proposed fur farm was approved Oct. 24. Gary Bertellotti, FWP Region 4 supervisor, in a written statement said, “Based on the analysis in the environmental assessment, applicable laws, regulation and policies, FWP has determined this action will not have a significant effect on the human or physical environment,” and gave Schultz the green light to possess bobcats, “for the sale of pelts in the commercial fur industry.”

Read the full story here.

Maine Hunters, Trappers Prevail in Bear Referendum

savemainebearhuntFrom the U.S. Sportsmen’s Alliance:

In a ballot initiative with national repercussions, Maine voters once again sent an unmistakable message to animal-rights extremists: stay out of our state.

For the second time in 10 years, Maine voters resoundingly rejected a ballot initiative backed and bankrolled by the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS). Throughout the battle on Question 1, which would have banned the use of bait, dogs and traps when bear hunting, sportsmen and professional wildlife managers who opposed the initiative continually maintained a double-digit lead in the polls.

“This is a great victory for sportsmen. It shows that scientific wildlife management can withstand a direct attack from the well-funded anti-hunting movement,” said Evan Heusinkveld, the U.S. Sportsmen’s Alliance’s (USSA) vice president of government affairs. “Despite pumping more than $2.5 million into this campaign, HSUS received a loud and clear message from Maine voters that their radical agenda is out of touch with modern wildlife management.”

Facing overwhelming opposition, HSUS and its front group, Mainers for Fair Bear Hunting, attempted to undermine the political process with lawsuits and petty allegations meant to keep voters ignorant of the scientific facts that refuted their stance. Mainers for Fair Bear Hunting unsuccessfully sued to keep professional wildlife managers and biologists with the Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife from speaking out about the ramifications to citizens should Question 1 pass.

“We fully expected them to employ this type of tactic when it became clear that they would be unable to overcome the willingness of Maine voters to listen to the facts. The Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife has earned a high level of trust based on a solid track record of managing Maine’s wildlife, and there was no amount of misleading rhetoric that could change that,” said Nick Pinizzotto, the U.S. Sportsmen’s Alliance President and CEO.

Tonight’s vote was the culmination of nearly two years of fundraising and fighting to protect the undeniable role of sportsmen in managing wildlife. The concerted effort of the USSA and other groups opposed to Question 1 ensures that hunting and trapping will continue to be available to state biologists tasked with managing Maine’s 30,000 bears.

“Our success would have been impossible without the support of USSA. Not only were they one of our largest individual donors, USSA helped lead the effort to raise millions to defend all sportsmen in Maine. Their expertise and dedication on sportsmen issues is uncontested. The leadership they provided will help safeguard hunting opportunities in Maine, and throughout the country, in the future,” said James Cote, campaign manager for the Maine Wildlife Conservation Council, of the USSA.

The Maine Wildlife Conservation Council was a ballot-question committee set up specifically to defeat Question 1. It was comprised of such groups as the Maine Professional Guides Association, U.S. Sportsmen’s Alliance, Maine Trapper’s Association, Sportsman’s Alliance of Maine, as well as many other sportsmen’s organizations, farmers, small business owners, unions, wildlife professionals and others concerned with managing the state’s wildlife in a responsible manner.

In defeating HSUS on Question 1, the citizens of Maine rebuked the meddling of the out-of-state special-interest group and ensured their heritage and sound scientific wildlife management will endure. However, HSUS has a long history of attacking sportsmen, and while they might or might not return to Maine after such a decisive defeat, it’s a safe bet that they will attempt to advance their animal-rights agenda in other states next year.

“It is the sole mission of the U.S. Sportsmen’s Alliance to protect hunting, fishing and trapping from emotional and unfounded attacks by anti-hunting groups,” Pinizzotto. “It is imperative for the future of all wildlife that management decisions be made by trained professionals guided by sound science and proven techniques.”

Wild Hog Control: Trapping More Effective Than Hunting

Wild hog populations are out of control in the United States, and it’s estimated that they cause $1.5 billion worth of damage nationwide.

Research in Mississippi indicates that hunter harvest of hogs is not adequate to control their populations, but trapping holds some promise.

From the Mississippi Business Journal:

Traps can remove a greater number of pigs from an area at once, he said. Traps also require less time and effort than other removal methods, such as hunting or exclusion fencing.

A corral trap is best for capturing and removing large sounders, or herds of pigs, Hamrick said. These traps can be built easily with off-the-shelf materials. Before setting up a trap, scout the property and prebait suspected high-use areas. Set up game cameras to determine size of the sounder, whether more than one group is present, and the best spot for the trap.

Though the corral traps work, many hogs have become wise to them, requiring trappers to take a look at some other methods to catch hogs.

Trapper Newt Sterling from Port Republic, New Jersey is an expert snare man and on the forefront of the wild hog snaring profession.  Here’s from one of his recent videos:

Newt_hogsnaringWild hogs become very wary of pen-type traps after a few initial catches, and quickly avoid bait sites after being shot at. Snares are an effective, fast, mobile, inexpensive method of controlling hog populations, plus are deadly on wary hogs. After considerable experimentation, Master Snaresman Newt Sterling has developed and designed equipment and methods in a system guaranteed to catch and hold hogs ranging in size from piglets to the largest boar.

To find out more, visit www.SnareOne.com.

 

Bob Noonan on Bear Trapping

On Tuesday November 4th, Maine voters will decide whether to ban the use of bait, hounds and traps to hunt bears in the state.  Perhaps the most misunderstood of these methods is bear trapping.  Bob Noonan explains bear trapping well in his Lewiston Sun Journal article:

Bear trapping is heavily regulated. A special bear trapping permit is required, and is available only to licensed trappers, who must take a 10-hour special training course to get a license. In 2013, only 531 trappers bought a permit. They caught 106 bears, a success rate of 20 percent.

Foot-snared bears do not chew their feet off. That is a deliberate fabrication. The foot snare is very humane, and does not damage the bear’s foot.

Click here to read the full story.

Trapping Today’s 2014-15 Fur Market Forecast

It’s that time of year again.  Days are getting shorter, the weather is cooling and trappers are preparing to take to the field and catch some fur.  As always, questions about this year’s fur market and prices abound.  Here’s what we can gather about the market and what trappers might expect this season.

Last year’s slump

At the end of last year’s fur selling season, most trappers were left disappointed with their fur checks.  Here’s a quote from North American Fur Auctions:

The selling season we have just experienced has been one of the most challenging in a long time, primarily due to one of the warmest winters on record in China, Russia and Europe.  The warm temperatures had an extremely negative affect on retail sales, with many retailers reporting clearances of 50% or below.

In general, it was a bad season for fur, but not all items did terrible.  Among the worst performing were beaver, raccoon and mink.  These markets were affected by the huge hit in the ranch mink market.

From NAFA:

…ranch mink prices declined up to 70% from the record levels established the previous season.

Last year’s wild fur prices declined 30-70%, depending on the article.  As the season progressed and mink prices continued to decline, the challenge to maintain wild fur prices became more difficult. As a result of a lack of confidence, price levels and clearances were mostly lower in the May sale compared to the February sale. Generally, the longer haired, trimming goods performed well, with good clearances and satisfactory prices, while the short haired varieties or flatter sections that compete with a lower priced ranch mink, suffered in price and clearance.

It appears that mink prices have now stabilized at low levels.  Here’s from Groenewold Fur and Wool:

Ranch mink have stabilized at very low prices and are now being used as a commodity for investment.  They are being introduced in a great percentage of garments this coming season.

These low mink prices may impact muskrat prices as well, which have done very well in recent years.

The cheap mink prices are beginning to affect muskrat demand and prices.  The muskrat plate manufacturers are now finding serious competition due to the availability of cheap mink.  Muskrat still seems to have a demand, but with a big ‘reality check’ from ranch mink.

Last year’s fur price levels

All things being equal, most experts are expecting last year’s price levels to continue into the next fur selling season.  What does this mean specifically?  Let’s take a look at some of last season’s most recent auctions.

Fur Harvesters Auction June 2014 Sale

  • Beaver – $6.89-15.79
  • Wild Mink – $10.75 (most unsold)
  • Otter – $31.74
  • Muskrat – $9.05
  • Fisher – $54.78
  • Red Fox – $22.66
  • Marten – mainly unsold
  • Raccoon – mainly unsold
  • Coyote – $35.29-84.77 (many unsold)

The FHA results mirrored the same market sentiment as the earlier NAFA sales.  However, the latest NAFA auction in September showed more promise, with many of the earlier unsold items selling at improved prices.

North American Fur Auctions September 2014 Fur Sale

  • Muskrat – $7.45
  • Fisher – $74.57
  • Marten – $49.92
  • Beaver – $12.42-14.22 (many unsold)
  • Otter – $55.40 (many unsold)
  • Raccoon – $13.65
  • Coyote – $23.36-72.34
  • Red Fox – $44.55

So, all that being said, what can we expect this coming season?

Fur Market Forecast by Species

The Low Points

Beaver – Expect very poor prices for beaver.  Early and lower quality skins will likely not even sell.  Until demand improves and excess inventory in overseas markets clears, trapping beaver will likely be a losing proposition.

Raccoon – Coon prices will be difficult to predict, but will likely be very low.  Again, low quality, unprime skins will likely not sell at all.

Mink – Expect extremely low prices, primarily driven by the depressed ranch mink market.

Otter – Prices should remain somewhat stable at low levels.

Bright Spots

Coyote – The market for trim goods has remained strong relative to other fur items, and coyote has continued to sell well.  Prices should continue at strong levels.

Red Fox – There is less certainty in the red fox market, which has seen some recent highs.  This seems to be a trendy item.  With cheap mink prices, buyers may see mink as a relative bargain and stop buying fox.  Still, the red fox market might just hold up.

Muskrat – Despite the low mink and beaver prices, muskrat has continued to do well.  Prices may drop some, but we are not likely to see the $2-3 muskrat anytime soon.

Marten and Fisher – Despite somewhat fickle demand, these are specialty items that have held up okay in the low market.  They should still be worth trapping this season.

What’s the message to trappers?

Some trappers target the same species with the same effort year after year, regardless of market conditions.  Trapping more of a hobby for these folks, and prices don’t affect them as much.  Others gauge the level of effort and species they will target based on the market.  These folks might consider the following suggestions:

Don’t target beaver this year unless you can easily catch high quality, prime pelts with minimal effort.

Raccoon trapping will be a gamble.  Not sure I’d take the risk, particularly with low quality skins.

Muskrat should still be well worth targeting.  The minimal effort required makes a $7-10 rat a desirable item for trappers.

If you can, focus effort on dryland canine trapping.  Coyote prices should continue to hold up, and red fox should do okay too.  The same goes for marten and fisher trapping.

Above all else, get out and enjoy yourself on the trapline!  Remember, the fur market can change drastically overnight, so stay tuned for updates throughout the season.

Missouri Trappers Association February 2014 Fur Auctions

Missouri Fur Auction Results

Below are results from the two Missouri Trappers Association fur auctions in February 2014: 

February 8, 2014 Auction

Beaver – $15.12 average, with 94 sold.

Wild Mink$13.17 average, with 26 sold.

Red Fox$36.56 average, with 58 sold.

Gray Fox – $20.20 average, with 10 sold.

Raccoon – $12.89 average, with 2054 sold.

Coyote$17.11 average, with 90 sold.

Muskrat – $9.08 average, with 379 sold.

Possum – $1.82 average, with 153 sold.

Bobcat – $105.85 average, with 42 sold.

Otter – $61.85 average, with 31 sold.

 

February 22, 2014 Auction

Beaver – $15.23 average, with 83 sold.

Red Fox$35.86 average, with 50 sold.

Gray Fox – $25.48 average, with 26 sold.

Raccoon – $14.62 average, with 2381 sold.

Coyote$18.90 average, with 117 sold.

Muskrat – $11.04 average, with 299 sold.

Possum – $1.41 average, with 130 sold.

Bobcat – $125.26 average, with 117 sold.

 

Click here to view the full Missouri Trappers Association February 2014 Fur Auction Results.

 

Nevada Trappers Association February 2014 Fur Auction Results

Nevada_TANevada Fur Auction Results

The Nevada Trappers Association held a fur auction on the weekend of February 21st, 2014.   

Below are some highlights from the auction:

Beaver – $16.46 average, with 181 sold.

Red Fox$47.43 average, with 5 sold.

Gray Fox – $26.33 average, with 1252 sold.

Coyote$32.50 average, with 746 sold.

Muskrat – $8.03 average, with 899 sold.

Bobcat – $420.35 average, with 1802 sold.

Otter – $81.88 average, with 1 sold.

Badger – $14.08 average, with 38 sold.

Kit Fox – $15.12 average, with 314 sold.

Click here to view the full Nevada Trappers Association February 2014 Fur Auction Results.

NAFA Fur Auction Results – February 2014

nafa_bannerNorth American Fur Auctions held their first major fur sale of the year during the last week of February.  This auction is typically an indicator of the state of the fur market and sets the tone for the rest of the fur sale season, though an increasingly unstable fur market has made future predictions of fur prices near impossible.

Here’s a recap:

Coyotes did well, with 100% sold at very strong prices.  The trim market is good, and red fox averages were stellar as well.  Muskrat averaged about the same as last year’s highs, which was great news for ‘rat trappers.  Fisher did well.

Beaver prices were very poor.  The low prices of both beaver and wild mink (which didn’t do great either) are likely tied to a huge drop in ranch mink prices.  Demand for marten was too low for what NAFA considered to be satisfactory prices, and in the best interest of trappers, they held back two thirds of the marten for the May auction, rather than dump them at a low price.

Raccoon and bobcat prices didn’t exactly tank, but were lower than previous levels.  Otter held up okay.

Here are some prices for the top selling fur items:

Muskrat – $11.41 average, 428,402 sold (100%)

Fisher – $115.36 average, 9,826 sold (100%)

Marten – only top 1/3 of furs sold, averages $85-$141

Beaver – averages of $6.10 – $26.82, depending on section, 135,074 sold

Otter – $65.46 average, 11,674 sold

Raccoon – averages of $14.05 – $21.61, depending on section, 490,361 sold

Coyote – averages of $38.45 – $90.67, 72,177 sold

Bobcat – averages of $73.25 – $393.49, depending on section, 6,166 sold

Mink – $21.10 average, 36,429 sold

Red Fox – averages of $47.29 – $56.41, depending on section, 29,062 sold

Click here for the full NAFA report, and prices for all fur items.

 

Antique Trap Collector Guides

Trap_price_guides victortraps-backDo you collect, or have an interest in antique animal traps?  If so, you might want to take a look at Robert Vance’s antique trap price guides.  Vance is an expert on antique traps and he has put together 15 different books containing information and prices of old collectible traps.

Click here to find Vance’s trap price guides at Hutzel Traps.

 

Arkansas Fur Auction Results

atalogo_headerThe Arkansas Trappers Association held a fur auction on February 13, 2014. 

Below are some highlights from the auction:

Beaver – $14.03 average, with 472 sold.

Wild Mink$19.15 average, with 17 sold.

Red Fox$37.82 average, with 25 sold.

Gray Fox – $21.88 average, with 153 sold.

Raccoon – $7.60 average, with 1856 sold.

Coyote$17.01 average, with 106 sold.

Muskrat – $8.92 average, with 84 sold.

Possum – $1.44 average, with 352 sold.

Bobcat – $70.00 average, with 248 sold.

Otter – $61.38 average, with 152 sold.

Click here to view the full Arkansas State Trappers Association February 2014 Fur Auction Results.